Asthma is a condition in which the airways narrow and swell to produce additional phlegm. Speaking a bit more specifically, we have to mention that it is an inflammatory airway disease, causing periodic attacks, with cough, characteristic whistling, dyspnoea, and chest tightness.
For some people, asthma can be a major problem that interferes with their everyday activities, and it can lead to an asthma crisis that might threaten their lives.
Unfortunately, asthma is not cured, but its symptoms may be under control.
Due to the fact that asthma is changing over time, it is important to work with your doctor to detect signs and symptoms and adapt a course therapy as needed in your case.
In order to understand asthma or the condition of asthma, it helps to know how the airways work.
The airways are tubes that carry air inside and outside the lungs.
People suffering from asthma are inflamed in these airways. Inflammation causes the airways to swell and makes them very sensitive.
Airways tend to react strongly to certain inhaled substances.
The airway reaction causes tightness of the muscles around them.
This narrows the airways, forcing less air to enter the lungs.
Swelling can also worsen, making the airways even tighter. Airway cells produce more phlegm than normal.
The chain reaction described above can cause the symptoms of asthma.
Typically, it develops during childhood but can affect you at any age.
People who have allergies, or a parent, or close relative with asthma are much more likely to become infected with asthma. We will look at the Risk Factors below when there is a possibility of infection, other than inheritance and related factors.
A lung test called spirometry measures the amount of air you inhale and exhale. The results will help your doctor decide whether you have asthma and how severe it is.
He may also suggest an allergy test to identify some of the causes that cause it.
For example, long-term anti-inflammatory inhalers are often necessary to treat asthma-associated inflammation.
These inhalers deliver small doses of steroids to the lungs, with minimal side effects if used properly.
The fast-acting inhaler or bronchodilator inhaler work directly to open the airways during a crisis.
Make sure that your doctor always demonstrates the correct use of the inhaler.
Determining the severity of asthma helps your doctor choose the most appropriate treatment for your case.
It is a fact that the severity of asthma changes over time, requiring adjustments to your treatment.
Asthma is classified into four broad categories:
Signs and synptoms
|Mild Symptoms up to two days a week|
and up to two nights a month
|Symptoms more than twice a week,|
but not more than one in a single day
|Symptoms once a day|
and more than one nights a month
|Symptoms throughout the day most days|
and often during the night
There is also strong evidence that secondary smoke (referred to below, is the smoke we inhale from someone else’s activity) also plays a role.
Symptoms of asthma may vary from person to person. You may have uncommon crises, have symptoms only a few moments – such as when you are exercising – or have symptoms constantly.
Signs and symptoms of asthma include:
The signs that your asthma may be getting worse include:
For some people, signs and symptoms of asthma flare up in some situations such as:
Allergy-induced asthma triggered by airborne substances such as pollen, mold spores, cockroach waste, or skin particles and dried animal saliva.
Severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening. Work with your doctor to determine what to do when the symptoms get worse and when you need urgent treatment.
The signs of an asthma emergency include:
See your doctor:
It has not yet been clarified why some people are affected by asthma and others are not, but most likely this is due to a combination of environmental and genetic (hereditary) factors.
Exposure to various irritants and substances that trigger allergies may trigger signs and symptoms of asthma. Here too, the activation of asthma differs from person to person and may include:
A number of factors are believed to increase your chances to develop asthma. What are these risk factors? We see them below:
Now let’s look at the complications that may occur in a situation where asthma is already present:
Prevention and long-term control are the basis for stopping asthma attacks before they even begin.
Treatment usually includes how to learn to recognize the stimuli by taking measures to prevent them and monitoring your breath to make sure that your daily asthma medications keep asthma under control.
Although many people with asthma rely solely on medication to prevent and relieve symptoms, you can do many things on your own to maintain your health and minimize the likelihood of seizures.
Surely, apart of the above you should try to stay healthy, which is probably self-evident.
Try to follow a regular fitness program. Having asthma does not mean you do not have to be active.
Always keep a normal weight and avoid getting overweight, which will aggravate the condition of asthma.
Some alternative therapies can help the symptoms of asthma.
However, you will always remember that these treatments do not replace the normal medication recommended by your doctor.
These alternative treatments include both breathing exercises and natural herbs.
Asthma has no cure. Even when you feel good you have the illness that can haze at any time.
It can be challenging and stressful together. But always keep in mind that asthma should never become a limiting factor in your life.
However, with today’s knowledge and therapies, most people suffering from asthma have the ability to manage the disease. They present very little, if any, symptoms.
They can be perfectly normal, active lives and sleep at night without interruption due to asthma.
If you suffer from asthma you can take an active role in managing the disease.
For successful, comprehensive and continuous therapy, you create a strong link with your doctor and possibly other health providers who can help you.
You do not have to guess solutions or to lament about your situation. Your own initiative on how to manage this illness will make you feel much better. Misery has never helped anyone.